After completion of one or two teeth, the blank and cutter stop feeding and the cutter is withdrawn and indexed back again to its starting position, thus allowing a brief rack cutter of a practical length to be utilized. Cutter is again fed back again to depth and cycle is repeated. Quantity of teeth is managed by the device gearing, and pitch and pressure position by the rack cutter. This method is utilized for generation of external spur gears, being ideally suited for cutting large, double helical gears. For producing helical teeth, the cutter slides tend at the apparatus tooth helix angle.
The hob is fed in to the gear blank to the proper depth and the two are rotated together as if in mesh. The teeth of the hob cut in to the work piece in successive purchase and each in a somewhat different position. Each hob tooth cuts its own profile based on the shape of cutter , but the accumulation of these directly cuts creates a curved form of the gear teeth, therefore the name generating process. One rotation of the task completes the trimming upto specific depth upto which hob is certainly fed unless the gear has a wide face.
This methodis specifically adopted to cutting large teeth which are tough to cut by formed cutter, and also to cut gear rack for Machine Tool Industry china bevel-gear teeth. It is not widely used at present.
In gear planing procedure, the cutter includes true involute rack which reciprocates across the face of the blank and the blank rotates in the right relationship to the longitudinal movement of the cutter as if both roll with each other as a rack and pinion. Initially the cutter is certainly fed into full tooth depth with cutter reciprocating and blank stationary. Involute shape is generated as the blank rotates and involute rack cutter feeds longitudinally.
In the other method, both roughening and finishing cuts are taken with single pointed tools. The use of the formed device for finishing can be impracticable for the larger pitches which are finished by an individual pointed tool. The number of cuts required depends upon how big is the tooth, amount of share to be taken out, and the type of material.